Servicenavigation und Suchfeld

Our Office

Inhalt

Apollo´s women

JoAnn Morgan was the only woman who worked in the control room during the launch of Apollo 11 in 196

JoAnn Morgan was the only woman who worked in the control room during the launch of Apollo 11 in 1969.

Heroines in the background of the moon landing

50 years ago, man first stepped on the moon - a milestone in world history. Everybody knows the name of the first man on the moon, Neil Armstrong. The second moon man´s name - Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin - is also still well known until today. Even the name of the third crew member Michael Collins, who remained in the spaceship in the moon orbit during the moon landing of his colleagues, is still well known to many today. But only a few people knew until recently that some women had also played a decisive role in the millennium project of the lunar landing. In recent years, the names of some of these heroines have become known to a wider public. On the occasion of the anniversary we present some of them in a small series.

Over 400,000 people participated in NASA's Apollo programme, including many women. Back in the 1960´s, science and technology were even more male-dominated than they are today. But some women held key positions in the Apollo program. Most of them worked anonymously behind the scenes; Frances "Poppy" Northcutt was one of the few women involved who came into the public spotlight at the time.

Return to the Moon?

Saturn V rocket before launch to the moon

Saturn V rocket before launch to the moon

After the sensational first moon landing, the USA brought a total of ten astronauts to the moon in five further Apollo missions - all men. It was not until 1983 that NASA sent the first female astronaut Sally Ride into space, The Russians, on the other hand, had already brought the first woman into space 20 years earlier: Valentina Tereschkowa.

In 1972, NASA ended its Apollo programme in favour of other projects such as Skylab and the Space Shuttle missions. The programme cost 25.4 billion dollars at the time (that would be about four times as much today). At that time nobody would have expected that there would be no more moon landings for more than half a century.
Meanwhile, NASA has announced that it will return to the moon until 2024. And then finally a woman should get there, too.

Series "Apollo's Women - Heroines in the Background of the Moon Landing"

Series of short portraits on the 50th anniversary of the moon landing (in German language only - so far)

Margaret Hamilton

Margaret Hamilton
"Rope mother" and software pioneer

Perhaps the most famous of the women behind the Apollo missions is Margaret Hamilton (born 1936). The young mathematician was working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) near Boston when she joined the space program rather by chance. Hamilton, who had practically taught herself how to program, quickly rose to the post of Director of the Apollo flight computer programming. She was responsible for developing the on-board flight software used for flight navigation and landing on the moon.

Read more

Dorothy Vaughan

Dorothy Vaughan
„Hidden Figure“ in management position

When NASA pioneers have been mentioned, Dorothy Vaughan (1910-2008) has rarely been named. But she was NASA’s first female African-American manager.

Read more

Mary Jackson

Mary Jackson
NASA’s first black female engineer

Mary W. Jackson (1921-2005) followed a tortuous route to the space programme. She worked in various fields, including as a mathematics teacher, before landing a job at the West Area Computing Unit of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in 1951.

Read more

Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson
Mathematik-Genie und NASA-Ikone

Die berühmteste unter den NASA-Wissenschaftlerinnen mit afroamerikanischen Wurzeln, die im Film „Hidden Figures“ zu später Bekanntheit gelangten, ist Katherine G. Johnson.

weiter

JoAnn Morgan

JoAnn Morgan
Allein unter Männern

16. Juli 1969. Der Start der Saturn V-Rakete auf den Weg zum Mond. Der ganze Kontrollraum im Kennedy Space Center ist gesteckt voll mit Männern. Der ganze Raum? Nein. Eine einzelne Frau befindet sich unter den vielen nervösen Ingenieuren, die den Beginn der Mission Apollo 11 überwachen: JoAnn Morgan.

weiter

Nancy Roman

Nancy Roman
Sie zeigte den Astronauten den Weg zu den Sternen

Dr. Nancy Grace Roman ebnete Frauen den Weg in die Raumfahrt: Sie war die erste Chef-Astronomin der NASA und somit die erste Frau in einer hohen Führungsposition.

weiter

Frances "Poppy" Northcutt

Frances "Poppy" Northcutt
Sie holte die Mondmänner wieder auf den Boden

Nach Frances Northcutt ist ein Mondkrater benannt, besser gesagt nach ihrem Spitznamen „Poppy“. Sie war die erste Ingenieurin, die in der „Mission Control“ der NASA arbeitete. Dort sah man damals nur Männer, daher sorgte die junge Frau in der Öffentlichkeit für Aufsehen.

weiter

Pictures: NASA, NASA, NASA, NASA, NASA

Last updated: 27 November 2019 

Position

You are here: