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Milestones

Beatles CD-Cover

50 years White Album
The Beatles, their masterpiece and a famous trademark Dispute

50 years ago, on 22 November 1968, probably the most musically versatile album of all time was released: "The Beatles", better known as the "White Album". A milestone of music, but also of the economic history of popular culture, because this was the seed of a dispute over trademarks and copyrights that lasted for decades.

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Prof. Dr. Artur Fischer

60 years of expansion dowels
The masterpiece of the mass inventor

We owe it to Artur Fischer that pictures don't fall from the wall, shelves are fixed and the wardrobe hangs securely. The inventor from Tumlingen (Freudenstadt district) is regarded as one of the most productive inventors of all time: he filed 2252 patents and utility models with the DPMA.

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Oktoberfest 2018

100 Years “Freistaat”
Palaces, schnapps & taxes: Bavaria's trade marks

These were turbulent times at the beginning of November 1918: the First World War was lost, uprisings and revolutions flared up, in Bavaria the Free State was proclaimed. For the 100th anniversary, we would like to take a look at the trade mmarks of the Free State of Bavaria registered with the DPMA.

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Horch 670 Sport Cabriolet

150th birthday of August Horch
The godfather of fast cars

His name puts a smile on the faces of classic car enthusiasts: August Horch, one of the great pioneers of automotive engineering, would have celebrated his 150th birthday this year.

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2CV on the beach, 1967

The 2CV turns 70
Good old "ugly duckling"

It is a symbol of France like the beret, baguette and Brigitte Bardot: the 2CV or “ugly duckling” (“Ente” in Germany). The Citroen 2CV was first introduced in Paris 70 years ago. A tribute to an automobile that has grown closer to the hearts of more people than any other over generations (except perhaps for the VW Beetle).

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Penicillin moulds in Petri dishes

90 years Penicillin
Blunting wonder weapon

September 28, 1928 is one of the most important dates in the history of medicine. On this day, the Scottish doctor Alexander Fleming observed that a mould can kill bacteria. The method of action of penicillin was discovered.

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Martin Cooper

35 years ago: The first mobile phone on the market
Communication revolution with a slow start

There are only a few inventions that have really changed people's lives forever. Apart from the Internet, nothing in recent decades has influenced communication, social behaviour, the world of work and leisure more fundamentally than the mobile phone.

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Drawing from US 3138743 A

60 years Integrated Circuit
Big bang of microelectronics

Just in time for the end of the summer holidays in Bavaria, here comes the story of an engineer who was not allowed to take a vacation - and who made a groundbreaking invention during this time. When his team returned from the holidays, Jack Kilby presented them with a milestone in the history of technology on September 12, 1958: the first integrated circuit, practically the progenitor of the microchip.

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DPMA Sub-Office Jena

20 years DPMA in Jena
The Jena Sub-Office celebrates its birthday

Twenty years in Jena: The Jena Sub-Office of the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA) was founded on 1 September 1998. The number of jobs created in this way has now risen to 230. They are mainly staffed by colleagues from the region and the neighbouring federal states.

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Volvo advertisement

60 years three-point belt
The life-saver that was only slowly accepted

This invention has saved the lives of countless people: On August 29, 1958, a patent application was filed in Sweden for the three-point belt. Nils Ivar Bohlin, engineer at the car manufacturer Volvo, thus brought the safety belt for vehicles, which had been known for over 50 years, into its current form.

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Multispektralkamera

40th anniversary of Germany's first space flight
Sigmund Jähn and the MKF 6 – world-class excellence in space

Forty years ago, on 26 August 1978, Sigmund Jähn was the first German to fly into space. On board of the spacecraft was a top product from Jena – the MKF 6 multispectral imager, which was developed by a team at Carl Zeiss Jena in only nine months.

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140 years Phonograph
Edison's "Speaking Machine", or How sound got canned

He applied for more than 1000 patents: Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) is rightly regarded as the old master of inventors. It is no exaggeration to say that Edison electrified the world. But the invention that made him famous over night and founded his unique career as an inventor and entrepreneur was the Phonograph.

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Peter Grünberg

30 years ago: GMR effect
A patent application changes the way the world communicates

30 years ago, on 16 June 1988, an invention was applied for a patent at the DPMA whose influence on our daily lives can hardly be overestimated. The application filed by the Jülich Nuclear Research Centre under the number DE3820475C1 was patented under the title "Magnetic field sensor with ferromagnetic, thin film".

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175 Years of Fax
When the picture learned to turn into electricity

Who would have thought fax was such an old invention? That it was patented long before the phone? That it's older than the phonograph or the record? On 27 May 1843 the Scotsman Alexander Bain received a British patent for the first fax machine.

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90 years Mickey Mouse
Of mice and money

The world's best-known comic figure, Mickey Mouse, made her first appearance 90 years ago. Although the premiere of the film "Steamboat Willie" on November 18, 1928 is often assumed to be the date of birth of the mouse, it actually had its screen debut on May 15 of the same year in the cartoon "Plane Crazy".

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Foto of Enigma

100 years of Enigma
Cryptography and war

Enigma: This is the exciting story of an ingenious machine for encrypting messages and the brilliant minds who cracked it - and thus crucially influenced the course of the Second World War, which ended 73 years ago.

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Prince with a view
110 years ago: Wiper patent for Heinrich von Preußen

This prince is still known today for a piece of clothing: the "Prinz Heinrich cap" was not invented by the Hohenzollern, but he made it popular. This headgear was worn by the members of the Imperial Yacht Club, to which Albert Wilhelm Heinrich von Preußen (1862 -1929) - a passionate sailor and Grand Admiral - belonged.

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Logo of Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Anniversary of the Max Planck Gesellschaft
Congratulations on 70 years of international top research!

On 26 February 1948,"Germany's most successful research organization" was re-established in Göttingen. With 18 Nobel Prize winners in 70 years, around 15,000 publications per year and a total of 84 institutes and institutions, the society is indeed Germany's most influential institution for cutting-edge research.

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Peace sign

60 years of CND symbol
A sign for peace

There are few symbols that are known all over the world and are understood everywhere. The "peace sign" is one of them. The famous symbol was invented exactly 60 years ago.

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Historic x-ray image of a hand

Died 95 years ago
Konrad Wilhelm Röntgen: the x-ray-man

He made one of the most famous discoveries in the history of science: Konrad Wilhelm Röntgen, who died 95 years ago. His "X-rays" not only revolutionized medical diagnostics, but also provided the impetus for further research that ushered in the atomic age.

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Women´s stockings

80 years of Perlon
A miraculous fibre

Eighty years ago, on January 29, 1938, Paul Schlack discovered the polymerizability of caprolactam and developed a polyamide fibre from it. Under the brand name Perlon it became the competitor of Nylon.

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cube sugar

175 years of cube sugar
An invention that sweetened everyday life

That's a sweet story: Because his wife is said to have injured herself while breaking sugar, Jacob Christoph Rad invented sugar cubes 175 years ago. Until then, sugar could only be bought in the shape of cones or loafs.

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Drawing of Draisine

200 years ago
Patent for Drais' “Laufmaschine”, the ancestor of all bicycle

OIn January 12,1818, Karl Freiherr von Drais received a ten-year Grand Ducal privilege for his “Laufmaschine” from the Baden duke. Drais' "running machine" was the first steerable, muscular-powered two-wheeler and thus the direct precursor of today's bicycle.

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Newton´s signature

375th birthday of Isaac Newton
The discovery of the principles of the world

Isaac Newton saw the light of day on 4 January 1643 in Woolsthorpe (Lincolnshire, England). Newton was a physicist, mathematician and astronomer, but he was also a philosopher, alchemist and theologian. He can be regarded as one of the most versatile and influential men in history.

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Picture credits included in the individual articles.

www.bayern.de, Audi AG, Citroen, iStock.com/catoll, FPA, DPMA, Picture: Zeiss-Archiv, Forschungszentrum Jülich

Last updated: 11/12/18 

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