Enforcing IP rights
Applying for and enforcing IP rights requires commitment and initiative. The DPMA is your partner when it comes to granting patents and registering trade marks, utility models and designs. We provide you with detailed information to give you helpful guidance. However, we are not allowed to give you legal advice. Lawyers specialising in IP protection can help here.
In addition: Stay active! Seize every opportunity to obtain additional information - for example, by reading case studies. Pay attention to how you act at trade fairs. "Care for" your IP right and make sure that you enforce it - regardless of whether it could be challenged or not.
Life teaches you the best lessons: Case studies offer you insights, ideas, suggestions and practical solutions for dealing with IP from a large number of companies and industries. Learn from others how to use IP for your own benefit.
- European Patent Office:
- SME case studies: The EPO has produced a series of case studies on European small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) which are leveraging the power of patents and other IP rights to achieve business success.
- Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IPI Switzerland) :
- "SMEs report": Entrepreneurs tell about their own brand strategy experiences.
- European IPR Helpdesk:
- Atares Case Study: International market selection and IP as a differentiation value
- Koalect Case Study: Trade mark conflicts and the importance of prior searches
- TNtech Case Study: The ABC of IP strategy for a small R&D company
- LAWNSALTED Case Study: A double-line IP strategy for start-ups
How to act at trade fairs?
The issue of "enforcement of intellectual property rights" is particularly relevant at trade fairs. Some counterfeiters are good at reproducing successful products almost immediately. It even happens that the counterfeiters act faster than the very company that has made the creation, having this company’s creation registered under a different name even during the fair.
Below you will find recommendations on how to minimise this risk if you want to present new products at a trade fair.
Before the trade fair:
- Make sure that you do not infringe any IP rights in the respective country.
- Make sure that you have protection in the country where the trade fair takes place (e.g. copyright, unregistered Community design, registered IP rights).
- If your creation can be protected by copyright in the country where the trade fair takes place, make sure that you can provide proof of the date of creation or the date of publication.
- Your trade fair staff should know your company's IP rights and be instructed in how to act in the right way.
- The procedures should be clearly defined. Who is responsible if an IP right is being infringed or if the company is accused of infringing an IP right? How can this person be contacted?
- Take copies of the IP documents with the register numbers of the registered IP rights with you to the trade fair.
- Please take exhibition priority into consideration. Exhibiting your technical solution or your design at a trade fair without exhibition priority can jeopardise the criterion of novelty and make a subsequent registration invalid. Find out if there is another way to protect your creation at a fair before and/or after it is exhibited.
- Keep in mind that business contracts might have to be adjusted to prevent your creation from being published without your consent. The relationship with your business partners should be defined by a contract or non-disclosure agreement (NDA) with specific clauses on intellectual property rights.
- Check whether an application for action by the customs authorities (referred to as border seizure) is an option for you. This allows you to prevent that the counterfeit products and goods produced without authorisation will be exhibited at trade fairs. Prior to the trade fair, the customs authorities can check goods imported from third countries to be exhibited at the trade fair for potential infringement of IP rights.
During the trade fair:
- New products from competitors often appear for the first time at trade fairs. Be attentive and check carefully whether there is an IP infringement.
- If you discover an IP infringement during the trade fair, act quickly and contact your lawyer. At some trade fairs there is also a legal emergency service. To enforce your rights, you can take steps against the alleged infringer under civil and criminal law.
- If you suspect an IP infringement, attempt to secure evidence such as stand number, date, time, brochures, product samples, photos or business cards.
- Do not carelessly divulge too much information about your own inventions.
- There is a photo ban on most trade fairs. Make sure that this prohibition is observed at the trade fair stand.
How do I obtain my rights? How do I enforce intellectual property rights?
The intelligent protection of your business achievements by means of IP rights is a first step to survive on the market. However, trade marks, designs, patents and utility models are registered not only to document intellectual property, but also to protect and exploit it.
Read what you can do to enforce your IP rights on our subpages
- Enforcing patent rights
- Enforcing utility model rights
- Enforcing trade mark rights
- Enforcing design rights
Picture 1: iStock.com/pogonici, Picture 2:iStock.com/seventyfour
Last updated: 2 March 2022