The DPMA as Supervisory Authority of Collective Management Organisations
Every use of a work protected by copyright, for example, copying of a text or communication of a musical work to the public, generally requires prior permission by the author. In particular, with the mass use of works, it is virtually impossible to seek permission in each individual case. Furthermore, since the author often has no knowledge of each particular use and consequently cannot assert a claim for appropriate compensation, the collective management organisations (CMOs) generally manage the rights of creative people collectively.
CMOs are associations of creative people organised under private law. They grant licenses for the works managed by them, monitor the use of these works, collect royalties in order to subsequently distribute the revenues to the right holders on the basis of distribution schemes.
At present, 13 CMOs have the authorisation to conduct business in Germany. Since CMOs often have a monopoly position and act in a fiduciary capacity, they are subject to the government supervision, which is exercised by the DPMA.
Last updated: 23/02/18