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Current Statistical Data for Patents

At a glance
2019 2020 Changes in %
Applications (patent applications with the DPMA and PCT patent applications after entering the national phase) 67,432 62,105 -7.9
Opened examination procedures 47,338 43,139 -8.9
Concluded examination procedures 40,183 41,723 +3.8
- published decisions to grant a patent 18,255 17,305 -5.2
Patents in force[1] 131,987 132,336 +0.3
[1] Including patents granted by the European Patent Office with effect in Germany, a total of 834,584 patents were valid in Germany in 2020.
Patent applications at the DPMA
Year Applications
2016 67,907
2017 67,722
2018 67,905
2019 67,432
2020 62,105
TOP 3 Patent applicants in 2020
(applications at the DPMA and PCT applications in the national phase)
Applicant [1] Seat Applications
1 Robert Bosch GmbH Germany 4,033
2 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Germany 1,907
3 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG Germany 1,874
[1] Without taking into account possible business group affiliations.

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Patent applications by German Länder in 2020[1]
German Länder Applications Percentage Applications per 100,000 inhabitants
Baden-Württemberg 13,687 32.4 123
Bavaria 12,700 30.1 97
North Rhine-Westphalia 6,388 15.1 36
Lower Saxony 3,234 7.7 40
Hesse 1,571 3.7 25
Rhineland-Palatinate 781 1.8 19
Berlin 674 1.6 18
Saxony 641 1.5 16
Hamburg 622 1.5 34
Thuringia 606 1.4 28
Schleswig-Holstein 480 1.1 17
Brandenburg 294 0.7 12
Saarland 192 0.5 19
Saxony-Anhalt 161 0.4 7
Bremen 122 0.3 18
Mecklenburg-Western Pommerania 107 0.3 7
Germany 42,260 100 51
[1] Due to a data correction, the values for 2020 were queried in April 2021 and are not comparable with the corresponding values in other tables and previously published statistics.

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TOP 5 Fields of technology [1]
Field of technology (area) Applications in 2019 Applications in 2020 Changes in %
32 - Transport (mechanical engineering) 12,892 10,758 -16.6
1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy (electrical engineering) 7,203 6,992 -2.9
10 - Measurement (instruments) 5,067 4,565 -9.9
31 - Mechanical elements (mechanical engineering) 5,401 4,431 -18.0
6 - Computer technology 2,619 3,080 +17.6
[1] According to the WIPO IPC-Technology Concordance Table.
The Leading fields of technology [1] in the individual German Länder in 2020[2]
Land Field of technology Applications
Baden-Württemberg 32 - Transport 2,716
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 1,758
  10 - Measurement 1,430
Bavaria 32 - Transport 2,550
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 1,615
  31 - Mechanical elements 1,470
Berlin 32 - Transport 78
  13 - Medical technology 59
  6- Computer technology 53
Brandenburg 27 - Engines, pumps, turbines 38
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 28
  32 - Transport 24
Bremen 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 19
  10 - Measurement 19
  32 - Transport 11
Hamburg 32 - Transport 109
  13 - Medical technology 70
  25 - Handling 59
Hesse 32 - Transport 168
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 166
  31 - Mechanical elements 153
Lower Saxony 32 - Transport 876
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 313
  29 - Other special machines 257
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 13 - Medical technology 15
  10 - Measurement 9
  20- Materials, metallurgy 8
North Rhine-Westphalia 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 654
  35 - Civil engineering 603
  32 - Transport 575
Rhineland-Palatinate 32 - Transport 75
  35 - Civil engineering 65
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 56
Saarland 6 - Computer technology 20
  27 - Engines, pumps, turbines 16
  29 - Other special machines 14
Saxony 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 71
  13 - Medical technology 39
  29 - Other special machines 39
Saxony-Anhalt 10 - Measurement 17
  8- Semiconductors 14
  29 - Other special machines 14
Schleswig-Holstein 13 - Medical technology 66
  35 - Civil engineering 39
  10 - Measurement 37
Thuringia 13 - Medical technology 106
  9 - Optics 86
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 54
[1] According to the WIPO IPC-Technology Concordance Table.
[2] Due to a data correction, the values for 2020 were queried in April 2021 and are not comparable with the corresponding values in other tables and previously published statistics.

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Last updated: 14 April 2021 

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