Global Innovation Index 2019
Switzerland, Sweden, the USA, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom lead the ranking – Germany maintains ninth place
According to the Global Innovation Index 2019 (GII 2019), recently presented in New Delhi on 24 July, Switzerland is the most innovative country in the world. It is followed by Sweden, the United States of America (USA), the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. As in the previous year, Germany is in ninth place, thus maintaining its position in the top group of the 129 countries surveyed. The most innovative countries in their respective region are India, South Africa, Chile, Singapore and China; Viet Nam and Rwanda lead their income groups.
The Global Innovation Index on global innovation performance published annually by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in collaboration with the French Business School INSEAD and Cornell University in New York is based on 80 indicators. These range from traditional criteria such as expenditure on research and development and international patent and trade mark applications to more recent indicators such as the development of apps for mobile phones and exports of high-tech products.
European countries occupy top positions
Twelve of the top 20 GII economies come from Europe. For the ninth time, Switzerland is the top performer in the GII. Sweden ranks second in the GII 2019 owing to its highly developed infrastructure and its innovative business sector. The country significantly improves its innovation performance and maintains a leading position regarding patent applications.
Germany is a leader in patent applications and ahead in logistics and investment in research and development. With ten top clusters in science and technology, Germany ranks third worldwide in this respect, after the USA and China. Germany has potential for improvement, for example concerning the ease of starting a business and new business models. Expenditure on education is also low in international comparison.
Creating healthy lives – The future of medical innovation
This year, a special focus lies on the topic of medical innovation. The GII 2019 examines how medical innovations will transform the delivery of healthcare. This includes, for example, the use of artificial intelligence (AI), genomics and health apps for mobile phones.
More information on the Global Innovation Index
Further information on this topic can be found on the website of the Global Innovation Index 2019.
Last updated: 2 July 2020